Corneal Ulcer

Corneal Ulcer

EyeAnatomyEyeMDLink

What is a corneal ulcer?

The cornea is the transparent front layer of the eyeball.  It is made up of several complex layers.  An ulcer occurs when there is a disruption to one or more layers of the cornea.  An ulcer can be very shallow and only effect minimal layers (ex: a scratch or abrasion).  They can also be very deep and can possibly cause the eye to rupture.  If the ulcer is deep there is a chance that the animal’s vision may be affected.

What causes an ulcer?

  • Trauma
  • Chemicals
  • Infection
  • Tear film¬†abnormalities (ex: dry eye syndrome/KCS, distichiasis or ectopic cilia)
  • Exposure¬†Keratopathy¬† (ex: poor closure of¬†eyelids such as breeds with protruding eyes).

How are corneal ulcers treated?

  1. Superficial, uncomplicated ulcers will require a topical antibiotic ointment and will heal within a few days.
  2. Deep ulcers may require surgery to prevent the eye from rupturing.  The surgery is called a conjunctival flap where a portion of the pink soft tissue that surrounds the eye is placed directly on the ulcer.

What you will have to do at home

  • Most¬†commonly antibiotic eye drops are recommended.¬† For tips on how to administer eye¬†medication to your pet check out this website: http://www.drsfostersmith.com/pic/article.cfm?aid=1448 ¬†¬†¬†¬†
  • Wait 5¬†minutes between different eye drops (to allow the previous medication time¬†to absorb in the eye).
  • Always¬†apply ointment AFTER all of the¬†drops have been applied.
  • Keep the¬†head collar on at all times, especially at night.
  • Wipe away¬†any discharge with a clean cloth.
  • Keep your¬†pet as calm as possible.

 

If you have any other questions or concerns regarding your pet’s eye, please call us at (519) 250-0099.

www.TownandCountryAnimalClinic.ca

 

Comments are closed.